RARE SPECIES OF FAUNA OF MEDOBORY, THE NATURE RESERVE

Ya. I. Kapeliukh, O. B. Chodyn, A. I. Kapustynskyi, I. P. Dobryvoda

Abstract


The study is concerned with the study of natural and landscape conditions of the territory of the Nature Reserve "Medobory", and its historical significance in formation of the biotic diversity of Western Ukraine.
It focuses on the research into the territory and formation of the Nature Reserve "Medobory", which covers over 9 000 ha in the central Tovtry.
Moreover, the work highlights the ongoing studies of zoobiota in the area, and points out its significance for preserving the regional fauna (by the end of 2019 the following species were recorded: 1 species of freshwater sponge, 79 species of molluscum, 32 species of centipedes, 2170 species of insects, 15 species of fish, 11 species of amphibians, 7 species of reptiles, 197 species of birds, 55 species of mammals).
The study also provides a detailed analysis of international lists of threatened species valid for the territory of Ukraine, and the species from the Red Book of Ukraine (the 3rd edition); as a result it identifies certain species to be under protection, such as 41 species of mammals, 187 species of birds, 18 species of amphibian and reptiles, 4 species of fish, 30 species of arthopods, 1 species of molluscum. Altogether, there are 281 species in the international lists of endangered species, which makes 11 % of the reliably ascertained fauna variety of the conservation area (2566 species). Except for the arthopods, which are scarcely represented in the international lists, there are more than 63 % of the traced representatives of fauna vertebrates under protection, according to the international lists of endangered species (251 species out of 396 known ones). For many of the animal species the natural forest stand of Medobory is a refugium, where they survived the ice age, and in some of the localities certain rare relict species have survived into the present time.
On the territory of the Nature Reserve Medobory the following animal species enlisted internationally have been registered: IUCN Red List - 18 species, the European Red Lists of species - 28 species, the Bern Convention – 256 species, the Bonn Convention – 102 species,the Bern Convention – 256 species, the Washington Convention – 37 species. 83 animal species of the Reserve and the surrounding territory call for protection since they are listed in the Red Book of Ukraine.

Keywords


rare species; Tovtry; nature reserve

References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25128/2078-2357.19.3.3

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