AGE STRUCTURE OF THE YOUNG GROWTH OF CARPINUS BETULUS L. IN THE ARTIFICIAL PHYTOCENOSES OF NATIONAL DENDROLOGICAL PARK «SOFIYIVKA» OF NAS OF UKRAINE

O. L. Porokhniava, V. M. Hrabovyi, H. I. Muzyka, O. Y. Rumiankov

Abstract


The issue of preserving the dendrological structure in historical parks requires the implementation of a number of agronomic measures aimed at ensuring the decorative and durability of plant communities. The plants of Carpinus betulus L. are included in the vast majority of deciduous plantations of the National Dendrological Park «Sofiyivka» of NASU, form the stands with the participation of Quercus robur L., Acer platanoides L., Acer campestre L. and Fraxinus excelsior L. The question of self-recovery of C. betulus plants in the park is relevant in connection with natural waste and active reduction of its viability identified over the past 10 years. The analysis of the success of natural regeneration of aboriginal plants in the cultural phytocenoses of the National Dendrological Park «Sofiyivka» of NASU has been conducted. As a result of the survey of the dendrological structure, viability of the young growth of the main structure-forming species under the stand was revealed. The prospects of replacing senile plants of C. betulus with the younger generation have been outlined. The young growth of C. betulus is 4.5% of the total number of viable undergrowth in the test plots, which is significantly less compared to A. platanoides – 64.5 % and A. campestre – 20. 7%. There is a sufficient number of viable virginile and young generative plants of C. betulus, which in future is able to form a stand. Prospects for natural regeneration of plants of the C. betulus species are average, similar in quantitative and age characteristics to plants of the Fraxinus excelsior L. The number of virginile plants is 0.5 %, and young generative – 0.1 %, compared with A. platanoides and A. campestre, the results are more than 10 times lower for virginile and 2 times – for young generative plants, which indicates a weak competitiveness of the young growth of C. betulus. Artificial phytocenoses with the participation of C. betulus are one of a few self-regenerating species in the park, as aboriginal species have a higher adaptive potential and are capable of successful renewal. Control over the ratio of species and quantitative composition of undergrowth, timely rational sanitary and landscape felling will create optimal conditions for growth and development of the young growth of C. betulus. Regular removal of aggressive plants of A. platanoides, A. campestre and F. excelsior will help preserve the existing structure of the stand in the historic part of the NDP «Sofiyivka».

Keywords


Carpinus betulus L.; aboriginal species; stand; the young growth; ontogenetic state

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25128/2078-2357.21.1-2.1

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